'התורה והתעודה' הכתובה על הלוחות

Translated title of the contribution: The Torah and the Te'udah on the Tablets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There are two terms in the book of Jubilees that need to be clarified: the heavenly tablets and Torah and Te'udah. The heavenly tablets are the tablets of the divisions of the years that are mentioned at the beginning of Jubilees. According to Jubilees, Moses copied from these tablets the Torah and Te'udah during his stay on Mount Sinai. Te'udah, in Jubilees, means history, i.e., the history from creation to the End of Days as planned by God before creation (a plan which is also assumed in other Apocalyptic books). The term Torah adds the dimension of the biblical laws which, according to Jubilees (and the Qumran Wisdom Literature), direct and affect the events of history. The book of Jubilees, which depicts itself as the Torah and Te'udah that was copied by Moses and brought to the people of Israel, includes only the history from creation to Mount Sinai. However, the book occasionally refers to later events that are written on the Heavenly Tablets. As part of the Torah and Te'udah, the book of Jubilees describes the roles of the biblical laws in shaping the historical events. The laws, however, are not cited verbatim but are combined with interpretation according to the priestly halakhah. This interpretation of the Pentateuch has the same authority as the Pentateuch itself since both are considered written documents from Sinai. The book prophesizes, however, that Israel will forget and will sin. Jubilees bases its claim of two written Torot on verses from Exodus and Deuteronomy. The same verses are quoted by the Boethusians in their arguments with the Pharisees, according to the Scholion to Megillat Ta'annit.
Translated title of the contributionThe Torah and the Te'udah on the Tablets
Original languageHebrew
Pages (from-to)473-492
Number of pages20
Journalתרביץ: רבעון למדעי היהדות
Volume68
Issue numberד
StatePublished - 1999

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