Excavations at Tiryns, in the Argolid, yielded a fragment of an imported jar ("amphoriskos"), characteristic of the Early Bronze Age IV pottery repertoire in Palestine. Petrographic analysis by Y. Goren confirmed this identification and pointed to central Palestine as its origin. In fact, this is the first imported object of its kind to have been recorded in the Aegean, and it is thus of considerable interest for the study of the much debated cultural and chronological synchronization between these regions during the third millennium BCE. The present article discusses the proposed evidence in the archaeological literature for trade relations with the southern Levant in the Early Bronze Age. A case in point is the small group of locally manufactured askos-like vessels that were recorded in EB IV tombs in northern Israel. A comparative study, reviewing the various classes of askos-type vessels in the Bronze Age Aegean, including mainland Greece, Crete, and the Cycladic and Ionian islands, concluded that the Early Helladic II—III askos of the Argolid was most likely the source of inspiration for the manufacture of the askos vessels in northern Israel. The article also examines other aspects of material remains, such as architecture, metallurgy, jewelry, stone industry and glyptic art, which might contribute to the reconstruction of the cultural and economic interrelations between the Levant and the Aegean. Although the evidence is so far ambiguous, it nonetheless provides the background for certain sporadic and indirect contacts between Syria-Palestine and mainland Greece during the Early Bronze Age IV and Early Helladic III in the final quarter of the third millennium BCE.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||ארץ ישראל: מחקרים בידיעת הארץ ועתיקותיה|
|State||Published - 2003|