2-D effects in the second-order optical nonlinearity of organic molecules incorporating carbazole

G. Meshulam, G. Berkovic, Z. Kotler, A. Ben-Asuly, R. Mazor, L. Shapiro, V. Khodorkovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


The second order nonlinearity (β) of a series of organic π-conjugated molecules involving 1,3 indandione derivatives as an acceptor moiety has been measured. The effect of varying the donor from dialkylamino to N-carbazolyl substituents was examined. Despite the chemically similar nature of the two donors, a drastic reduction of electric field induced second harmonic (EFISH) β values for the molecules involving the N-carbazolyl substituents was detected. Quantum mechanical calculations indicate that the decrease in β values results from the presence of two overlapping transitions that contribute to β with opposite signs. Thus, the charge transfer band gives a positive βzzz contribution along the long molecular axis, while a transition essentially within the carbazole group provides a negative βzxx contribution to βEFISH. Therefore, these molecules can only be described with a two-dimensional model as opposed to the `classical' one-dimensional model for NLO chromophores. Experimental verification of this hypothesis was provided by a combination of two experimental methods, EFISH and hyper Rayleigh scattering (HRS). Each technique probes a different combination of the β tensor elements, so we could deduce the two contributions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-223
Number of pages5
JournalSynthetic Metals
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2000
EventProccedings of the European Materials Research Society 1999 Spring Meeting, Symposium N: Molecular Photonics at the Interface of Physics, Chemistry and Biology - Strasbourg, France
Duration: 1 Jun 19994 Jun 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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