3D modeling of magnetic atom traps on type-II superconductor chips

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Abstract

Magnetic traps for cold atoms have become a powerful tool in cold atom physics and condensed matter research. The traps on superconducting chips allow one to increase the trapped atom lifetime and coherence time by decreasing the thermal noise by several orders of magnitude compared to that of the typical normal-metal conductors. A thin superconducting film in the mixed state is, usually, the main element of such a chip. Using a finite element method to analyze thin film magnetization and transport current in type-II superconductivity, we study magnetic traps recently employed in experiments. The proposed approach allows us to predict important characteristics of the magnetic traps (their depth, shape, distance from the chip surface, etc) that are necessary when designing magnetic traps in cold atom experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124004
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2014

Keywords

  • Cold atoms
  • Magnetic trap
  • Numerical modeling
  • Thin superconducting film

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