A closer look at the RD and RD* anomalies

Debjyoti Bardhan, Pritibhajan Byakti, Diptimoy Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations


The measurement of RD (RD*), the ratio of the branching fraction of B¯ → Dτν¯ τ(B¯ → Dτν¯ τ) to that of B¯ → Dlν¯ l(B¯ → Dlν¯ l) , shows 1.9σ (3.3σ) deviation from its Standard Model (SM) prediction. The combined deviation is at the level of 4σ according to the Heavy Flavour Averaging Group (HFAG). In this paper, we perform an effective field theory analysis (at the dimension 6 level) of these potential New Physics (NP) signals assuming SU(3)C × SU(2)L × U(1)Y gauge invariance. We first show that, in general, RD and RD* are theoretically independent observables and hence, their theoretical predictions are not correlated. We identify the operators that can explain the experimental measurements of RD and RD* individually and also together. Motivated by the recent measurement of the τ polarisation in B¯ → Dτν¯ τ decay, Pτ(D*) by the Belle collaboration, we study the impact of a more precise measurement of Pτ(D*) (and a measurement of Pτ(D)) on the various possible NP explanations. Furthermore, we show that the measurement of RD* in bins of q2, the square of the invariant mass of the lepton-neutrino system, along with the information on τ polarisation and the forward-backward asymmetry of the τ lepton, can completely distinguish the various operator structures. We also provide the full expressions of the double differential decay widths for the individual τ helicities in the presence of all the 10 dimension-6 operators that can contribute to these decays.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Beyond Standard Model
  • Heavy Quark Physics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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