A comparative multicentre study evaluating gluteal turnover flap for wound closure after abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer

S. Sharabiany, J. J.W. van Dam, S. Sparenberg, R. D. Blok, B. Singh, S. Chaudhri, F. Runau, A. A.W. van Geloven, A. W.H. van de Ven, O. Lapid, R. Hompes, P. J. Tanis, G. D. Musters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to compare perineal wound healing between gluteal turnover flap and primary closure in patients undergoing abdominoperineal resection (APR) for rectal cancer. Methods: Patients who underwent APR for primary or recurrent rectal cancer with gluteal turnover flap in two university hospitals (2016–2021) were compared to a multicentre cohort of primary closure (2000–2017). The primary endpoint was uncomplicated perineal wound healing within 30 days. Secondary endpoints were long-term wound healing, related re-interventions, and perineal herniation. The perineal hernia rate was assessed using Kaplan Meier analysis. Results: Twenty–five patients had a gluteal turnover flap and 194 had primary closure. The uncomplicated perineal wound-healing rate within 30 days was 68% (17/25) after gluteal turnover flap versus 64% (124/194) after primary closure, OR 2.246; 95% CI 0.734–6.876; p = 0.156 in multivariable analysis. No major wound complications requiring surgical re-intervention occurred after flap closure. Eighteen patients with gluteal turnover flap completed 12-month follow-up, and none of them had chronic perineal sinus, compared to 6% (11/173) after primary closure (p = 0.604). The symptomatic 18-month perineal hernia rate after flap closure was 0%, compared to 9% after primary closure (p = 0.184). Conclusions: The uncomplicated perineal wound-healing rate after the gluteal turnover flap and primary closure after APR is similar, and no chronic perineal sinus or perineal hernia occurred after flap closure. Future studies have to confirm potential benefits of the gluteal turnover flap.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1123-1132
Number of pages10
JournalTechniques in Coloproctology
Volume25
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abdominoperineal resection
  • Perineal wound healing
  • Rectal cancer
  • Wound closure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

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