A comparison between D-wave and a classical approximation algorithm and a heuristic for computing the ground state of an Ising spin glass

Ran Yaacoby, Nathan Schaar, Leon Kellerhals, Oren Raz, Danny Hermelin, Rami Pugatch

Research output: Working paper/PreprintPreprint

28 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Finding the ground state of an Ising-spin glass on general graphs belongs to the class of NP-hard problems, widely believed to have no efficient polynomial-time algorithms for solving them. An approach developed in computer science for dealing with such problems is to devise approximation algorithms that run in polynomial time, and provide solutions with provable guarantees on their quality in terms of the optimal unknown solution. Recently, several algorithms for the Ising-spin glass problem on a graph that provide different approximation guarantees were introduced albeit without implementation. Also recently, D-wave company constructed a physical realization of an adiabatic quantum computer, and enabled researchers to access it. D-wave is particularly suited for computing an approximation for the ground state of an Ising spin glass on its chimera graph -- a graph with bounded degree. In this work, we compare the performance of a recently developed approximation algorithm for solving the Ising spin glass problem on graphs of bounded degree against the D-wave computer. We also compared a heuristic tailored specifically to handle the fixed D-wave chimera graph. D-wave computer was able to find better approximations to all the random instances we studied. Furthermore the convergence times of D-wave were also significantly better. These results indicate the merit of D-wave computer under certain specific instances. More broadly, our method is relevant to other performance comparison studies. We suggest that it is important to compare the performance of quantum computers not only against exact classical algorithms with exponential run-time scaling, but also to approximation algorithms with polynomial run-time scaling and a provable guarantee on performance.
Original languageEnglish GB
Number of pages7
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NamearXiv preprint

Keywords

  • Condensed Matter - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks
  • Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics
  • Quantum Physics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A comparison between D-wave and a classical approximation algorithm and a heuristic for computing the ground state of an Ising spin glass'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this