A comparison of processing technologies for the manufacture of textile cement-base composites

Alva Peled, Barzin Mobasher, Sachiko Sueki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Recently there is a growing interest in the use of fabrics as reinforcements for cement composites. This paper compares the effects of two different processing methods (casting versus pultrusion) on the mechanical properties, fabric-matrix bond, and microstructural characteristics of fabric-cement composites. Bonded glass mesh fabrics, woven polyvinylalcohol (PVA), and warp knitted weft insertion polypropylene (PP) fabrics were used in this study. Tensile tests were conducted to study the mechanical performance of the composites. Pullout tests were carried out to examine the bond between the fabric and the cement matrix. A microstructural analysis was conducted and correlated with the mechanical performance of the composite and bonding. The advantages of using the pultrusion process for the production of fabric-cement composites were clearly indicated in this study. Improved mechanical performance was obtained for fabric-cement composites produced with the pultrusion process, especially with fabrics made from multifilament yarns (not impregnated in epoxy) having open junction points (not glued). This improved mechanical performance was explained due to improve bonding, obtained by the impregnation process of the fabric in the cement chamber during the pultrusion process, which helped fill the spaces between the filaments of the bundled yarns.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational RILEM Symposium on Concrete Science and Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationA Tribute to Arnon Bentur
PublisherRILEM Publications SARL
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)2912143926
ISBN (Print)2912143586
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2004


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