A compressed data approach for image-domain least-squares migration

Ram Tuvi, Zeyu Zhao, Mrinal Kanti Sen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We consider the problem of image-domain least-squares migration based on efficiently constructing the Hessian matrix with sparse beam data. Speciffically, we use the ultra-wide-band phase space beam summation method, where beams are used as local basis functions to represent scattered data collected at the surface. The beam domain data are sparse. One can identify seismic events with signifficant contributions so that only beams with non-negligible amplitudes need to be used to image the subsurface. In addition, due to the beams' spectral localization, only beams that pass near an imaging point need to be taken into account. These two properties reduce the computational complexity of computing the Hessian matrix - an essential ingredient for least-squares migration. As a result, we can efficiently construct the Hessian matrix based on analyzing the sparse beam domain data.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number5
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Beam
  • Inversion
  • Least-squares migration
  • Wave propagation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics


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