## Abstract

A new constitutive model is suggested for the viscoelastic behavior of rubber-like materials at finite strains. The model treats a viscoelastic medium as a system with a variable number of purely elastic links, which can arise and collapse due to micro-Brownian motion of molecules. Assuming that the processes of birth and death for elastic links are independent of stresses, we obtain operator linear constitutive equations in finite viscoelasticity. According to this model, elastic and viscous effects may be distinguished and described independently of each other by a relaxation measure and a strain energy density. The potential energy of deformations is assumed to depend on the principal invariants of the relative Finger tensor of strains. Unlike the standard approach, we do not suggest any expression for the strain energy density a priori, but suppose that this function is presented as a sum of two functions of one variable which are found by fitting experimental data. The proposed approach allows results of several experiments (uniaxial tension, biaxial tension, and torsion) for styrene butadiene rubber and butyl rubber to be predicted correctly.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 562-577 |

Number of pages | 16 |

Journal | Rheologica Acta |

Volume | 34 |

Issue number | 6 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Nov 1995 |

## Keywords

- Viscoelasticity
- constitutive equations
- finite deformations
- rubber-like materials
- strain energy density

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Materials Science (all)
- Condensed Matter Physics