A cost-effective single-shot structured light system for 3d shape measurement

Fuqiang Zhong, Ravi Kumar, Chenggen Quan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Single-shot three-dimensional (3D) shape measurement techniques have attracted extensive researches, as they are suitable for dynamic measurement. In this study, a cost-effective single-shot structured light system (CES-SLS) is proposed for 3D shape measurement by using a color camera and a normal projector. With the aid of two planar mirrors and an isosceles right-angle mirror, a single color camera functions as a binocular vision. A single-shot color random speckle pattern (CRSP) is used to encode the object by the normal projector. The dense corresponding points (DCP) are derived by the spatial-temporal correlation of RGB image subsets instead of the spatial correlation of gray image subsets in the conventional method. An inverse compositional Gaussian Newton (IC-GN) iteration method with the second-order shape function is then introduced to find the sub-pixel corresponding points (CP). Furthermore, a geometrical 3D recovery method is presented to calculate the 3D point by minimizing the re-projection error. The experimental results demonstrate the comparative advantages of the proposed CES-SLS against the system using a single-shot random speckle pattern (RSP) and the curve fitting sub-pixel method in the aspects of measurement accuracy and noise robustness. In addition, the re-projection error of each 3D point from the geometrical method is smaller than that of the conventional mid-point.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8710257
Pages (from-to)7335-7346
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Volume19
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 3D shape measurement
  • Structured light system
  • color random speckle pattern
  • single shot
  • stereo vision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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