A Design Methodology for the Seismic Retrofitting of Existing Frame Structures Post-Earthquake Incident Using Nonlinear Control Systems

Assaf Shmerling, Matthias Gerdts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A structural design methodology for retrofitting weakened frame systems following earthquakes is developed and presented. The design procedure refers to frame systems in their degraded strength and stiffness states and restores their dynamic performance using nonlinear control systems. The control law associated with the employed systems regards the gains between the negative state feedback and the control force, which consists of linear, nonlinear, and hysteretic portions. Structural optimization is introduced in designing the nonlinear control systems, and the controller gains are optimized using the fixed-point iteration to improve the frame system’s dynamic performance. The fixed-point iteration method relates to first-order PDE equations; hence, a new state-space formulation for weakened inelastic frame systems is developed and presented using the frame system’s lateral force equilibrium equation. The design scheme and optimization strategy differ from designing passive control systems, given that the nonlinear control system’s force consists of linear, nonlinear, and hysteretic portions. The utilization of the fixed-point iteration in the structural design area is by itself a novel application due to its robustness in addressing the gains of any type of nonlinear control system. This paper’s nonlinear control system chosen to exhibit the application is Buckling Restrained Braces (BRBs) since force consists of linear and hysteretic portions. The implementation of hysteretic control force is rare in structural control applications. In the case of BRBs, the fixed-point iteration optimizes the cross-sectional areas. Two system optimization examples of 3-story and 15-story inelastic frames are provided and described. The examples demonstrate the fixed-point iteration’s applicability and robustness in optimizing control gains of nonlinear systems and regulating the dynamic response of weakened frame structures.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBuildings
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Apr 2022

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