A Double Dissociation Between Inattentive and Impulsive Traits, on Tasks of Visual Processing and Emotion Regulation

Dorit Ben Shalom, Ziv Ronel, Yifat Faran, Gal Meiri, Lidia Gabis, Kimberly A. Kerns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To dissociate between inattentive and impulsive traits common in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using a non-dichotomous measurment of these traits. Method: 120 university students who completed the Conner’s adult ADHD rating scales (CAARS) were also tested on the Microgenesis task which requires visual attention and on the Cyber Cruiser task which requires emotion regulation. Results: Results show that a measure of inattention was specifically related to a measure of effortful visual processing condition. In addition, a measure of impulsivity was specifically related to the tendency to fail in refueling one’s car on time, although this relation was opposite to the predicted direction. Furthermore, by using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, the CAARS’ factor structure was confirmed to be relevant to an Israeli population. Conclusion: The current experiment supports the idea that visual attention may play a part in inattentive symptoms, and that emotion regulation may play a part in impulsivity symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-553
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2017

Keywords

  • ADHD subtypes
  • CAARS
  • adults
  • emotion regulation
  • visual attention

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