A five-step approach to mental training incorporating biofeedback

Boris Blumenstein, Michael Bar-Eli, Gershon Tenenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


A five-step approach of mental training incorporating biofeedback (BFB) with videocassette recorder (VCR) is presented in this article. The technique consists of five stages, with flexible time-session limits that can be individualized. These are (a) introducing mental techniques, (b) determining and strengthening the appropriate BFB modality, (c) BFB training with simulated competitive stress, (d) transformation of the mental training to practice, and (e) realization of the technique in competitive situations. The technique and some findings are further discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-453
Number of pages14
JournalSport Psychologist
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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