A Framework for Modeling Cyber Attack Techniques from Security Vulnerability Descriptions

Hodaya Binyamini, Ron Bitton, Masaki Inokuchi, Tomohiko Yagyu, Yuval Elovici, Asaf Shabtai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Attack graphs are one of the main techniques used to automate the cybersecurity risk assessment process. In order to derive a relevant attack graph, up-to-date information on known cyber attack techniques should be represented as interaction rules. However, designing and creating new interaction rules is a time consuming task performed manually by security experts. We present a novel, end-to-end, automated framework for modeling new attack techniques from the textual description of security vulnerabilities. Given a description of a security vulnerability, the proposed framework first extracts the relevant attack entities required to model the attack, completes missing information on the vulnerability, and derives a new interaction rule that models the attack; this new rule is then integrated within the MulVal attack graph tool. The proposed framework implements a novel data science pipeline that includes a dedicated cybersecurity linguistic model trained on the NVD repository, a recurrent neural network model used for attack entity extraction, a logistic regression model used for completing the missing information, and a transition probability matrix for automatically generating new interaction rule. We evaluated the performance of each of the individual algorithms, as well as the complete framework, and demonstrated its effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationKDD 2021 - Proceedings of the 27th ACM SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages2574-2583
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781450383325
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Aug 2021
Event27th ACM SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD 2021 - Virtual, Online, Singapore
Duration: 14 Aug 202118 Aug 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining

Conference

Conference27th ACM SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD 2021
Country/TerritorySingapore
CityVirtual, Online
Period14/08/2118/08/21

Keywords

  • attack graphs
  • machine learning
  • natural language processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Information Systems

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