A Geometrical Setting for the Newtonian Mechanics of Robots

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6 Scopus citations


A geometrical setting for the Newtonian mechanics of mechanical manipulators is presented. The configuration space of the mechanical system is modelled by a differentiable manifold. The kinematics of the system is formulated on the tangent and double tangent bundles of the configuration space, and forces are defined as elements of the cotangent bundle. The dynamical properties of the system are introduced by specifying a Riemannian metric on the configuration space. The metric is used in order to generate the generalized momenta and the kinetic energy from the generalized velocities, and the connection it induces makes it possible to formulate a generalization of Newton's second law relating generalized forces and generalized accelerations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-183
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Franklin Institute
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Applied Mathematics


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