A Heterogeneous Carbon Nitride–Nickel Photocatalyst for Efficient Low-Temperature CO2 Methanation

Jesús Barrio, Diego Mateo, Josep Albero, Hermenegildo García, Menny Shalom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


The Sabatier reaction, i.e., the hydrogenation of CO2 to methane (CH4) using hydrogen (H2), constitutes a potentially scalable method to store energy in a product with a high energy density. However, up to today, this reaction has been mainly thermally driven and conducted at high temperatures (typically 400–600 °C). Using light as a renewable energy source will allow for a more sustainable process by lowering the reaction temperature. Here, it is demonstrated that Ni nanoparticles support on graphitic carbon nitride (g-CN) are a highly efficient and stable photocatalyst for the gas-phase CO2 methanation at low temperature (150 °C). Detailed mechanistic studies reveal a very low activation energy for the reaction and high activity under visible light, leading to a remarkable and continuous CH4 production of 28 µmol g−1 h−1 of CH4 for 24 h.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1902738
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number44
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019


  • CO reduction
  • Ni nanoparticles
  • Sabatier reaction
  • carbon nitride
  • photocatalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science (all)


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