We give a homotopy theoretic characterization of stacks on a site C as the homotopy sheaves of groupoids on C. We use this characterization to construct a model category in which stacks are the fibrant objects. We compare different definitions of stacks and show that they lead to Quillen equivalent model categories. In addition, we show that these model structures are Quillen equivalent to the S 2-nullification of Jardine's model structure on sheaves of simplicial sets on C.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mathematics (all)