A lamin A/C variant causing striated muscle disease provides insights into filament organization

Rafael Kronenberg-Tenga, Meltem Tatli, Matthias Eibauer, Wei Wu, Ji-Yeon Shin, Gisèle Bonne, Howard J Worman, Ohad Medalia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The LMNA gene encodes the A-type lamins that polymerize into ~3.5 nm thick filaments, and together with B-type lamins and associated proteins form the nuclear lamina. Mutations in LMNA cause a wide variety of pathologies. In this study, we analyzed the nuclear lamina of embryonic fibroblasts from LmnaH222P/H222P mice, which develop cardiomyopathy and muscular dystrophy. Although the organization of the lamina appeared unaltered, there were changes in chromatin and B-type lamin expression. An increase in nuclear size and consequently a relative reduction in heterochromatin near
the lamina allowed for a higher resolution structural analysis of lamin filaments using cryo-electron tomography. This was most apparent when visualizing lamin filaments in situ and using a nuclear extraction protocol. Averaging of individual segments of filaments in LmnaH222P/H222P mouse fibroblasts resolved two-polymers that constitute the mature filaments. Our findings provide better views of the organization of lamin filaments and the effect of a striated muscle disease-causing mutation on nuclear structure.
Original languageEnglish GB
JournalJournal of Cell Science
StatePublished - 2021

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