A lectin-like receptor on murine macrophage is involved in the recognition and phagocytosis of human red cells oxidized by phenylhydrazine

Sara Horn, Jacob Gopas, Nava Bashan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phenylhydrazine (Phz) is a powerful hemolytic agent which has several effects on both normal and G6PD déficient red blood cells (RBCs). We have studied the mechanism of removal of Phz-damaged human RBCs by murine macrophages. Phagocytosis of Phz-treated RBCs was found to be 50 RBCs/100 mac as compared to 2 RBCs/100 mac of the controls. EGTA and sodium azide inhibited the phagocytosis, indicating a requirement for both calcium ions and energy. Incubation of macrophages with sugars such as d-galactose or d-mannose reduced phagocytosis of Phz-treated RBCs by up to 60%, indicating the involvement of a macrophage lectin-like receptor in the recognition of Phz-treated RBCs. The presence of serum in the phagocytosis assay did not affect either phagocytosis of Phz-treated RBCs or inhibition by sugars. β-Galactosidase, but not neuraminidase, treatment of RBCs caused a significant inhibition in phagocytosis of Phz-treated RBCs. These results suggest that galactosyl residues are exposed on RBC membrane during oxidation, probably not as a result of desialization. We conclude that Phz-treated RBCs are detected as damaged cells mainly due to sugar changes on their membrane, which are directly recognized by lectin-like receptors on the macrophages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-780
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Feb 1990

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A lectin-like receptor on murine macrophage is involved in the recognition and phagocytosis of human red cells oxidized by phenylhydrazine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this