A Multi-Frequency Tomographic Inverse Scattering Using Beam Basis Functions

Ram Tuvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present an overview of a beam-based approach to ultra-wide band (UWB) tomographic inverse scattering, where beam-waves are used for local data-processing and local imaging, as an alternative to the conventional plane-wave and Green’s function approaches. Specifically, the method utilizes a phase–space set of iso-diffracting beam-waves that emerge from a discrete set of points and directions in the source domain. It is shown that with a proper choice of parameters, this set constitutes a frame (an overcomplete generalization of a basis), termed “beam frame”, over the entire propagation domain. An important feature of these beam frames is that they need to be calculated once and then used for all frequencies, hence the method can be implemented either in the multi-frequency domain (FD), or directly in the time domain (TD). The algorithm consists of two phases: in the processing phase, the scattering data is transformed to the beam domain using windowed phase–space transformations, while in the imaging phase, the beams are backpropagated to the target domain to form the image. The beam-domain data is not only localized and compressed, but it is also physically related to the local Radon transform (RT) of the scatterer via a local Snell’s reflection of the beam-waves. This expresses the imaging as an inverse local RT that can be applied to any local domain of interest (DoI). In previous publications, the emphasis has been set on TD data processing using a special class of localized space–time beam-waves (wave-packets). The goal of the present paper is to present the imaging scheme in the UWB FD, utilizing simpler Fourier-based data-processing tools in the space and time domains.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1684
JournalSensors
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Beam summation methods
  • Imaging
  • Inverse scattering
  • Wave propagation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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