A national Israeli survey of neuraxial anesthesia for cesarean delivery: pre-operative block assessment and intra-operative pain management

S. Orbach-Zinger, T. G. Grant, M. Zahalka, A. Ioscovich, S. Fein, Y. Ginosar, O. Matkovski, C. F. Weiniger, Y. Binyamin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Neuraxial protocols for cesarean delivery differ among institutions, with various means of assessing the block prior to incision and managing breakthrough intra-operative pain. The different approaches used to deal with these issues in Israel have not been assessed. Methods: Questionnaires were distributed to all anesthesiologists working in obstetric units in Israeli hospitals. The survey included several non-identifying respondent details intended to allow a description of the study population as a whole and multiple-choice questions addressing neuraxial techniques, method of pre-operative block assessment and medications used to treat intra-operative pain. Results: Three hundred and sixty-one doctors completed the survey in 24 medical centers, an 81.1% response rate. Thirteen different protocols for spinal anesthesia and 20 different protocols for epidural anesthesia were described. Nine different protocols for assessment of the block prior to incision were identified, with significant inter-institutional differences (P <0.001). For treatment of intra-operative pain prior to delivery, 35.7% of spinals given and 40% of epidurals given were converted to general anesthesia whereas, after delivery, conversion of spinal to general anesthesia was 18% and epidural to general anesthesia was 18.6%. Conclusions: There were a variety of spinal and epidural regimens used as well as different methods for assessing the block and managing intra-operative pain. Further studies should be performed to identify optimal techniques for neuraxial anesthesia for pre-operative block assessment and for management of intra-operative pain.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103255
JournalInternational Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
Volume50
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cesarean delivery
  • Intra-operative pain
  • National survey
  • Neuraxial anesthesia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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