A training set of eleven X-ray structures determined for biomimetic complexes between cucurbit[n]uril (CB[7 or 8]) hosts and adamantane-/diamantane ammonium/aminium guests were studied with DFT-D3 quantum mechanical computational methods to afford ΔGcalcdbinding energies. A novel feature of this work is that the fidelity of the BLYP-D3/def2-TZVPP choice of DFT functional was proven by comparison with more accurate methods. For the first time, the CB[n]⋅guest complex binding energy subcomponents [for example, ΔEdispersion, ΔEelectrostatic, ΔGsolvation, binding entropy (−TΔS), and induced fit Edeformation(host), Edeformation(guest)] were calculated. Only a few weeks of computation time per complex were required by using this protocol. The deformation (stiffness) and solvation properties (with emphasis on cavity desolvation) of cucurbit[n]uril (n=5, 6, 7, 8) isolated host molecules were also explored by means of the DFT-D3 method. A high ρ2=0.84 correlation coefficient between ΔGexptland ΔGcalcdwas achieved without any scaling of the calculated terms (at 298 K). This linear dependence was utilized for ΔGcalcdpredictions of new complexes. The nature of binding, including the role of high energy water molecules, was also studied. The utility of introduction of tethered [-(CH2)nNH3]+amino loops attached to N,N-dimethyl-adamantane-1-amine and N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl diamantane-4,9-diamine skeletons (both from an experimental and a theoretical perspective) is presented here as a promising tool for the achievement of new ultra-high binding guests to CB hosts. Predictions of not yet measured equilibrium constants are presented herein.
- BLYP-D3 quantum mechanical calculations
- adamantane-/diamantane-skeleton guests
- biomimetic complexes
- host–guest complexes
- primary ammonium loops