A Novel Framework for Simulating Particle Deposition With Moving Bedforms

Yoni Teitelbaum, Tomer Shimony, Edwin Saavedra Cifuentes, Jonathan Dallmann, Colin B. Phillips, Aaron I. Packman, Scott K. Hansen, Shai Arnon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous modeling studies of hyporheic exchange induced by moving bedforms have used a moving reference frame, typically corresponding to an individual moving bedform. However, this approach is not suitable for simulating the exchange and accumulation of immobile fine particles beneath moving bedforms, which commonly occurs in sand-bed streams, as both moving and stationary features must be considered. Here we present a novel simulation framework that may represent arbitrarily shaped, generally aperiodic mobile bedforms within a stationary reference frame. We combine this approach with particle tracking to successfully reproduce observations of clay deposition in sand beds, and the resulting development of a low-conductivity layer near the scour zone. We find that increased bedform celerity and filtration both lead to a shallower depth of clay deposition and a more compact deposition layer. While increased filtration causes more clay to deposit, increased celerity reduces deposition by flattening hyporheic exchange flowpaths.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2021GL097223
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Eulerian reference frame
  • Hyporheic exchange
  • Migrating bedforms
  • Mobile bedforms
  • Moving boundary model
  • Particle deposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (all)

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