A Novel Interstitial Site in Binary Rock-Salt Compounds

Neeraj Mishra, Guy Makov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The energetic and mechanical stability of interstitial point defects in binary rock-salt materials were studied using the first-principles method. A novel, stable, and energetically competitive interstitial site (base-interstitial) was identified for anion interstitials in rock-salts. The formation energies of base-interstitial defects were compared with well-explored tetrahedral (body-interstitial) and split interstitials and were found to be energetically highly competitive. For alkali halides and silver bromide, the lowest formation energies are associated with the base-interstitial site and the <110> split interstitial, which are therefore the predominant interstitial sites. However, split interstitials were found to be the energetically preferred configuration in metal monochalcogenide systems. Electronic band structures are affected by the presence of interstitial defects in rock-salt structures. In particular, the Fermi level is shifted below the valence band maxima for the body, base, and split interstitials in metal halides, indicating p-type conductivity. However, the Fermi level remains within the bandgap for metal monochalcogenides, indicating no preferred conductivity for base- and split-interstitial defects. Allowing the defects to be charged changes the relative stability of the interstitial sites. However, the new base-interstitial site remains preferred over a range of potentials for alkali halides. The anion base-interstitial is found to form a triatomic entity with the nearest lattice anions that affect the electronic structure relative to the body interstitial. The discovery of a new interstitial site affects our understanding of defects in binary rock-salts, including structure and dynamics as well as associated thermodynamic and kinetic properties that are interstitial dependent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6015
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • defect energetics
  • electronic structure
  • interstitials
  • rocksalt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A Novel Interstitial Site in Binary Rock-Salt Compounds'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this