A parametric study of Mach reflection in steady flows

H. Li, G. Ben-Dor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


The flow fields associated with Mach reflection wave configurations in steady flows are analysed, and an analytical model for predicting the wave configurations is proposed. It is found that provided the flow field is free of far-field downstream influences, the Mach stem heights are solely determined by the set-up geometry for given incoming-flow Mach numbers. It is shown that the point at which the Mach stem height equals zero is exactly at the von Neumann transition. For some parameters, the flow becomes choked before the Mach stem height approaches zero. It is suggested that the existence of a Mach reflection not only depends on the strength and the orientation of the incident shock wave, as prevails in von Neumann's three-shock theory, but also on the set-up geometry to which the Mach reflection wave configuration is attached. The parameter domain, beyond which the flow gets choked and hence a Mach reflection cannot be established, is calculated. Predictions based on the present model are found to agree well both with experimental and numerical results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-125
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - 25 Jun 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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