A preliminary study on the performance of the Nanit auto-videosomnography scoring system against observed video scoring and actigraphy to estimate sleep-wake states in infants

Liat Tikotzky, Dar Ran-Peled, Hamutal Ben-Zion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Goal and aims: To examine the performance of the Nanit auto-videosomnography scoring system as a measure of sleep-wake states in infants compared to observed video scoring and actigraphy. Focus technology: Nanit's auto-videosomnography scoring system. Reference: Observed video scoring and actigraphy. Sample: Sixteen U.S. infants (age: 4-8 months). Design: Infants’ sleep was assessed with the Nanit camera and actigraphy (micromotion logger sleep watch). Fifty nights were included in the analyses. Nanit's videos were processed via a computer vision algorithm and were scored by trained observers. Actigraphic data were scored with the validated Sadeh algorithm. Core analytics: Bland-Altman plots and epoch-by-epoch analyses (sensitivity, specificity, and total accuracy). Additional analytics: Specificity values for each night separately. Core outcomes: Nanit estimates of sleep minute were not significantly different from observed sleep minute, but Nanit overestimated sleep minute relative to actigraphy by 17 minutes. Nanit overestimated wake minutes (wake after sleep onset by 5.3 minutes relative to observed scoring and underestimated wake after sleep onset by 19.1 minutes relative to actigraphy. The epoch-by-epoch analyses revealed that Nanit reached 97.8% sensitivity in classifying sleep and 60.4% specificity in classifying wake compared to observed scoring. The rates compared to actigraphy were 99.3% for sensitivity and 51.7% for specificity. Important additional outcomes: Specificity values were lower for infants with lower wake after sleep onset. Core conclusion: This preliminary study suggests that Nanit is highly accurate in detecting infant sleep compared to observed scoring and actigraphy. Specificity values are within the range of those reported previously for actigraphy devices that are commonly used in pediatric sleep research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-617
Number of pages7
JournalSleep Health
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2023

Keywords

  • Actigraphy
  • Infant sleep
  • Nanit
  • Performance
  • Videosomnography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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