A prospective clinical cohort-based study of the prevalence of OCD, obsessive compulsive and related disorders, and tics in families of patients with OCD

Lior Carmi, Vlasios Brakoulias, Oded Ben Arush, Hagit Cohen, Joseph Zohar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: The lifetime prevalence of obsessive − compulsive disorder (OCD) is currently estimated at 2 − 3% and the prevalence in first-degree family members is estimated to range between 10 and 11%. Separating OCD from other anxiety disorders and including it into the new “obsessive − compulsive and related disorders” (OCRDs) category has had a dramatic impact on the diagnosis, while also contributing to the better understanding of the genetics of these disorders. Indeed, grouping OCD with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), and body-focused repetitive behaviors such as trichotillomania (hair pulling), onychophagia (nail biting), and excoriation (skin picking) into the same diagnostic family has resulted in a much greater lifetime prevalence (> 9%). These diagnostic changes necessitate an updated epidemiological study, thus motivating this investigation. Methods: The study sample comprised of 457 patient’s cases from an Israeli and an Australian OCD center. Interviews were completed as a part of the intake or during treatment in each of the centers. Prevalence of OCD, OCRDs, tics, and other psychiatric comorbidities in first- and second-degree relatives was assessed by interviewing the OCD patients. Interviews were conducted by at least two researchers (LC, OBA, JZ) and only family information on which the interviewers have reached consensus was considered. Results: Initial analyses revealed an increase of OCD and OCRD prevalence in first- and second-degree family members as compared to the current literature due to reclassification of these disorders in DSM-5. Conclusion: The new category of OCRD has changed the landscape of epidemiological studies in OCD. Further and broader studies are needed in order to better understand the lifetime prevalence of OCRD in first- and second-degrees family member.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number190
    JournalBMC Psychiatry
    Volume22
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Dec 2022

    Keywords

    • Family members
    • OCD
    • OCRD
    • Prevalence

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychiatry and Mental health

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