A Prospective Study of 18F-DCFPyL PSMA PET/CT Restaging in Recurrent Prostate Cancer following Primary External Beam Radiotherapy or Brachytherapy

Wei Liu, Katherine Zukotynski, Louise Emmett, Hans T. Chung, Peter Chung, Robert Wolfson, Irina Rachinsky, Anil Kapoor, Ur Metser, Andrew Loblaw, Gerard Morton, Tracy Sexton, Michael Lock, Joelle Helou, Alejandro Berlin, Colm Boylan, Susan Archer, Gregory R. Pond, Glenn Bauman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Radio-recurrent prostate cancer is typically detected by a rising prostate-specific antigen and may reflect local or distant disease. Positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracers targeting prostate-specific membrane antigen, such as 18F-DCFPyL have shown promise in restaging men with recurrent disease postprostatectomy but are less well characterized in the setting of radio-recurrent disease. Methods and Materials: A prospective, multi-institutional study was conducted to evaluate the effect of 18F-DCFPyL PET/computed tomography (CT) when added to diagnostic imaging (DI; CT abdomen and pelvis, bone scan, multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging pelvis) for men with radio-recurrent prostate cancer. All men were imaged with DI and subsequently underwent 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT with local and central reads. Tie break reads were performed as required. Management questionnaires were completed after DI and again after 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT. Discordance in patterns of disease detected with 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT versus DI and changes in management were characterized. Results: Seventy-nine men completed the study. Most men had T1 disease (62%) and Gleason score <7 (95%). Median prostate-specific antigen at diagnosis was 7.4 ng/mL and at relapse was 4.8 ng/mL. DI detected isolated intraprostatic recurrence in 38 out of 79 men (48%), regional nodal recurrence in 9 out of 79 (11%), distant disease in 12 out of 79 (15%), and no disease in 26 out of 79 (33%). 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT detected isolated intraprostatic recurrence in 38 out of 79 men (48%), regional nodal recurrence in 21 out of 79 (27%), distant disease in 24 out of 79 (30%), and no disease in 10 out of 79 (13%). DI identified 8 out of 79 (10%) patients to have oligometastatic disease, compared with 21 out of 79 (27%) with 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT. 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT changed proposed management in 34 out of 79 (43%) patients. Conclusions: 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT identified extraprostatic disease in twice as many men with radio-recurrent prostate cancer compared with DI and detected a site of recurrence in 87% of men compared with 67% with DI. Furthermore, 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT identified potentially actionable disease (prostate only recurrence or oligometastatic disease) in 75% of men and changed proposed management in 43% of men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-555
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume106
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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