A retrospective investigation of neuraxial anesthesia rates for elective cesarean delivery before and during the sars-cov-2 pandemic

Yair Binyamin, Philip Heesen, Igor Gruzman, Alexander Zlotnik, Alexander Ioscovich, Ariel Ronen, Carolyn F. Weiniger, Dmitry Frank, Eyal Sheiner, Sharon Orbach-Zinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Our hospital used to perform cesarean delivery under general anesthesia rather than neuraxial anesthesia, mostly because of patient refusal of members of the conservative Bedouin society. According to recommendations implemented by the Israeli Obstetric Anesthesia Society, which were implemented due to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, we increased the rate of neuraxial anesthesia among deliveries. Objectives: To compare the rates of neuraxial anesthesia in our cesarean population before and during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Methods: We included consecutive women undergoing an elective cesarean delivery from two time periods: Pre-SARS-CoV-2 pandemic (15 February 2019 to 14 April 2019) and during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic (15 February 2020 to 15 April 2020). We collected demographic data, details about cesarean delivery, and anesthesia complications. Results: We included 413 parturients undergoing consecutive elective cesarean delivery identified during the study periods: 205 before the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and 208 during SARSCoV- 2 pandemic. We found a statistically significant difference in neuraxial anesthesia rates between the groups: Before the pandemic (92/205, 44.8%) and during (165/208, 79.3%; P < 0.0001). Conclusions: We demonstrated that patient and provider education about neuraxial anesthesia can increase its utilization. The addition of a trained obstetric anesthesiologist to the team may have facilitated this transition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)408-411
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume23
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Bedouin
  • Cesarean delivery
  • General anesthesia
  • Neuraxial anesthesia
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2)

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