A Simple Model for Assessing Millimeter-Wave Attenuation in Brownout Conditions.

Arkadi Zilberman, Natan S. Kopeika

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Flying helicopters in adverse environmental conditions, such as low heights in arid regions, can be dangerous, especially during landing and take-off, since during hovering, the rotors produce a dust cloud of particles. This phenomenon is known as the “brownout” condition. Unlike visible and infrared systems, the radar devices in the microwave or millimeter wave region offer the capability of sufficient transmission through atmospheric obscurants, such as fog, smoke, sand/dust storms, and brownout. In this work, we present a theoretical evaluation of mm-wave (85–100 GHz) attenuation/scattering and power transfer in brownout conditions. The model includes attenuation/scattering prediction and radiant flux, or power collected by the receiver. We are considering the case of sand grain clouds created by helicopter rotor airflow during landing in arid areas. The evaluated scenarios are brownout environments over ranges up to 50 m. The predicted values from the mathematical model are compared with findings in the field and the literature. A simple model for mm-wave power transfer estimation shows satisfactory agreement with the measured values.
Original languageEnglish
Article number22
Pages (from-to)8889
Number of pages1
Issue number22
StatePublished - 17 Nov 2022


  • mm-wave attenuation
  • scattering
  • power transfer
  • sandstorm
  • brownout


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