A simple phenomenological framework for modeling growth of living tissues is proposed. Growth is defined as a change of mass and configuration of the tissue. Tissue is considered as an open system where mass conservation is violated and the full-scale mass balance is applied. A possible structure of constitutive equations is discussed with reference to simple growing materials. 'Thermoelastic' formulation of the simple growing material is specified. Within this framework traction free growth of cylindrical and spherical bodies is examined. It is shown that the theory accommodates the case where stresses are not generated in uniform volumetric growth. It is also found that surface growth corresponds to a boundary layer solution of the governing equations. This finding proves the ability of continuum mechanics to describe surface growth. The latter is contrary to the usual use of purely kinematical theories, which do not involve balance and constitutive equations, for treating surface growth.
|Number of pages
|MCB Molecular and Cellular Biomechanics
|Published - 1 Jan 2004
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)