A simple physiologically relevant double-agar-layer method for post-germination treatment of seedlings

Doron Shkolnik-Inbar, Dudy Bar-Zvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Arabidopsis thaliana is frequently grown on semisolid medium in Petri dishes, for various experiments that usually consist of two stages on two distinct growth media. Seedlings are germinated under favorable conditions followed by their transfer to another medium containing the given treatment(s). This often causes secondary effects on seedlings due to root shock, or direct and unavoidable contact of the shoot with the second medium. We have developed a simple and efficient method for the transfer of seedlings grown on semisolid medium with minimal damage. In this double-agar-layer method, seeds are germinated on a thin growth-medium-containing agar layer. Subsequently, medium blocks containing the embedded seedlings are excised and placed on the second semisolid medium supplemented with the treatment agent. Differential agar concentrations allow easy penetration of the roots into the second medium, but do not allow the shoots to come into contact with it. This unique method offers several advantages over others that are in common use, in which the seedlings are individually transferred to the second medium or alternatively grown on transfer-carrier matrices, such as filter paper, mesh and cellophane. In the presented method, the entire root system faces the growth medium, the shoots are surrounded by air at all growth stages and transfer of the seedlings is much easier. In addition, a large number of seedlings can be transferred in a single step, without stressing the plants or damaging the delicate root system. This method can also be applied to other plant species grown on semisolid media.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-310
Number of pages6
JournalPlant Growth Regulation
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2012


  • Agar-based medium
  • Arabidopsis
  • Double-agar-layer
  • Medium transfer
  • Post-germination treatment
  • Stress application

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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