A simple test of one minute heart rate variability during deep breathing for evaluation of sympatovagal imbalance in hyperthyroidism

Mony Shuvy, Jonathan E. Arbelle, Aviva Grosbard, Amos Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Heart rate variability is a sensitive marker of cardiac sympathetic activity. Objectives: To determine whether long-term hyperthyroidism induced by thyroxine suppressive therapy affects HRV. Methods: Nineteen patients treated with suppressive doses of thyroxin for thyroid cancer and 19 age-matched controls were enrolled. Thyroid function tests and 1 minute HRV were performed on all subjects and the results were compared between the groups. The 1 minute HRV was analyzed during deep breathing and defined as the difference in beats/minute between the shortest and the longest heart rate interval measured by eletrocardiographic recording during six cycles of deep breathing. Results: One minute HRV during deep breathing was significantly lower among thyroxine-treated patients compared to healthy controls (25.6 ± 10.5 vs. 34.3 ± 12.6 beats/min, P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in mean, maximal and minimal heart rate between the groups. Conclusions: Thyroxine therapy administered for epithelial thyroid cancer resulted in subclinical hyperthyroidism and significantly decreased HRV due to autonomic dysfunction rather than basic elevated heart rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-606
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume10
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2008

Keywords

  • Cardiac sympathetic activity
  • Heart rate variability
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Thyroxine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)

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