A spatially-explicit method for analyzing the equity of transit commuters' accessibility

Eran Ben-Elia, Itzhak Benenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Equity is a critical dimension of accessibility assessment related to changes in transportation investments. We estimate equity based on a spatially-explicit computation of door to door travel times, in the metropolitan area, by car and by public transit at a resolution of individual buildings as origin and destination pairs. The Gini index and two new developed indices – the absolute and normalized accessibility loss are applied to evaluate the equity effects related to changes in the transit service. The method is tested in a case study of a recent bus line reform in the Metropolitan area of Tel Aviv highlighting areas where job accessibility by transit improved or declined. The implications of equity assessments for transportation planning and the assessment of infrastructure investments are further discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-42
Number of pages12
JournalTransportation Research, Part A: Policy and Practice
Volume120
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Accessibility
  • Accessibility loss
  • Equity
  • Gini index
  • Public transit
  • Tel Aviv

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Management Science and Operations Research

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