A thermomechanical study on selective dispersion and different loading of graphene oxide in polypropylene/polycarbonate blends

Santosh K. Tiwari, Ramesh Oraon, Amrita De Adhikari, Ganesh Chandra Nayak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon nanofiller reinforced polymeric materials offer the opportunity to obtain materials with desired properties. In the present study, effects of different loading of graphene oxide (GO) on the compatibility, thermomechanical, and morphological properties of incompatible polypropylene (PP)/polycarbonate (PC) polymer blends were investigated. The neat blend and blend nanocomposites were prepared by using a twin-screw extruder under controlled shear pressure to explore the role of GO on thermomechanical properties of blends. Fourier transform infrared analysis showed the presence of GO in PC phase which was further confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry and morphological analysis. It was observed that up to loading of 0.5%, GO preferable dispersed in only PC phase and then dispersed in both PP and PC phase with further increase in GO loading due to increase in viscosity of PC phase. Field emission scanning electron microscopy investigation of PNCs showed the coalescence of PC phase with increase of GO loading. Tensile analysis confirmed that 1% of GO loading produced highest reinforcement in thermomechanical properties and further increase of GO loading deteriorate the mechanical properties. Dynamic mechanical analysis also showed high storage modulus for 1% loading. Thermal stability of 1% GO loaded nanocomposite was found to be higher than other blend nanocomposites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number45062
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume134
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)
  • mechanical properties
  • morphology
  • nanostructured polymers
  • phase behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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