A Unified Texture Model Based on a 2-D Wold-Like Decomposition

Joseph M. Francos, A. Zvi Meiri, Boaz Porat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

157 Scopus citations


The paper presents a unified texture model which is applicable to a wide variety of texture types found in natural images. This model leads to the derivation of texture analysis and synthesis algorithms designed to estimate the texture parameters and to reconstruct the original texture field from these parameters. The model is highly motivated by findings about human vision. The texture field is assumed to be a realization of a regular homogeneous random field, which is characterized in general by a mixed spectral distribution. On the basis of a two-dimensional (2-D) Wold-like decomposition for homogeneous random fields, the texture field is decomposed into a sum of two mutually orthogonal components: a purely indeterministic component and a deterministic component. The deterministic component is further orthogonally decomposed into a harmonic component, and a generalized-evanescent component. The purely indeterministic component is represented by a 2-D, nonsymmetrical-half-plane, finite support AR model. The harmonic random field is a sum of 2-D harmonic components of random amplitude and phase. The generalized evanescent field consists of a countable number of wave systems all traveling in directions of rational tangent, and all modulated by 1-D purely indeterministic processes in the orthogonal dimension. Both analytical and experimental results show that the deterministic components should be parametrized separately from the purely indeterministic component. The model is very efficient in terms of the number of parameters required to faithfully represent textures. Reconstructed textures are practically indistinguishable from the originals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2665-2678
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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