Ability to adapt to seasonal temperature extremes among atrial fibrillation patients. A nation-wide study of hospitalizations in Israel

Shaked Yarza, Lena Novack, Batia Sarov, Victor Novack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In recent years, temperature fluctuations and adverse weather events have become major concerns, influencing overall mortality and morbidity. While the association between extreme temperatures and atrial fibrillation (AF) has been supported by research, there is limited evidence on the ability of AF patients to adapt to the changing temperatures. We explored this question among AF patients in Israel featured by extreme temperature conditions. Methods: We examined the association between exposure to extreme temperatures and hospitalizations related to AF in a nationwide cohort in Israel. A case-crossover design with a distributed nonlinear model (DLNM) was applied to assess possible effects of temperature fluctuations during each season. We considered the 7 days prior to the event as the possible window period. Results: During 2004-2018 we recorded a total of 54,909 hospitalizations for AF. Low temperatures in winter and high in summer adversely affected AF-related hospitalizations. The effect recorded for the first few weeks of each season was of higher magnitude and decreased or faded off completely as the seasons progressed (OR in winter: from 1.14, 95%CI 0.98, 1.32 to 0.90, 95%CI: 0.77, 1.06;OR in summer: from 1.95, 95%CI: 1.51, 2.52 to 1.22, 95%CI: 0.90, 1.65). Patients living in the south region and patients with low socioeconomic status were more susceptible to extreme temperatures. Conclusions: Although extreme hot and cold temperatures are associated with an increased risk of hospitalization for AF, the patients are likely to adapt to temperature change over the course of the first weeks of the season.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114804
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume216
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Ambient temperature
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Case Cross over
  • Distributed Lag Non-linear Model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Science (all)

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