Absorption with inversion and amplification without inversion in a coherently prepared V system: A dressed-state approach

D. Braunstein, R. Shuker

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35 Scopus citations


Light-induced absorption with population inversion and amplification without population inversion in a coherently prepared closed three level V-type system are investigated. This study is performed from the point of view of a two color dressed-state basis. Both of these processes are possible due to atomic coherence and quantum interference contrary to simple intuitive predictions. Merely on a physical basis, one would expect a complementary process to the amplification without inversion. We believe that absorption in the presence of population inversion found in the dressed-state picture utilized in this study, constitutes such a process. We derive approximate analytic time-dependent solutions, for coherences and populations that are compared with full numerical solutions exhibiting good agreement. Steady-state quantities are also calculated, and the conditions under which the system exhibits absorption and gain with and without inversion, in the dressed-state representation are derived. It is found that for weak input probe-laser field absorption with inversion and amplification without inversion may occur, for a range of system parameters. These take place at resonance and the generalized Rabi ac Stark-shifted frequencies, in agreement with exprimental investigations, and at beat frequencies, depending on the relevant parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053812
Pages (from-to)12
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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