Abu Ghosh, Jasmine Street: A Pre-Ghassulian Site in the Judean Hills

Ofer Marder, Liora Kolska-Horwitz, Ianir Milevski, Henk K Mienes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The excavations at Abu Ghosh revealed two phases dated to the Pre-Ghassulian period, between the end of the sixth millennium and the mid-fifth millenium BCE. Three archaeological-sedimentary layers were identified at the site: Layer I—topsoil, Layer II—possibly EB I, and Layer III—Pre-Ghassulian. The architecture of Layer III consisted of rectilinear units, with apparent passages and entrances between them, whose walls were built on stone foundations. Most of the pottery shows affinities with the Qatifian-Besorian horizons typical of southern sites. The lithic assemblages are characterized by sickle blades, bifacials and perforators. The groundstone tools and stone bowls are characteristic of repertories representing the transition between the Late PN and the Chalcolithic Ghassulian periods. The faunal remains indicate that the inhabitants of Abu Ghosh focused on raising domestic sheep, goats, pigs and, to a lesser extent, cattle. The archaeomalacological remains point to contacts with regions as far distant as the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea and the Nile River. The excavation at Abu Ghosh offers insights into a number of unresolved issues relating to the material culture and subsistence of Pre-Ghassulian sites in general, and contributes to our understanding of the development of the Late Prehistoric periods in the Jerusalem region in particular. (From the article)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-130
Number of pages46
Issue number82
StatePublished - 2015


  • Antiquities, Prehistoric -- Eretz Israel
  • Excavations (Archaeology) -- Israel -- Abu Ghosh
  • Flint industry -- Eretz Israel -- History
  • Pottery, Ancient -- Eretz Israel
  • Stone implements -- Eretz Israel
  • אבו גוש (יישוב עירוני)
  • ארכיאולוגיה
  • ארכיאולוגיה פרה-היסטורית
  • ארץ-ישראל
  • כלי בישול עתיקים
  • כלי חרס עתיקים
  • כלי צור
  • לפני תקופת המקרא (עד 2200 לפנה"ס)
  • תקופה כלכוליתית
  • תרבות ע'סולית


Dive into the research topics of 'Abu Ghosh, Jasmine Street: A Pre-Ghassulian Site in the Judean Hills'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this