Accuracy enhancement of magnetic field distribution measurements within a large cell spin-exchange relaxation-free magnetometer

Alexander Gusarov, Andrei Ben Amar Baranga, David Levron, Reuben Shuker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The factorial design technique is implemented to achieve greater accuracy in the determination of magnetic field distribution within a single cell of spin-exchange relaxation-free atomic magnetometer. Three-dimensional magnetic field distribution within a single vapor cell can be found by consecutively pumping, layer by layer, all the cell volumes perpendicular to the probe laser beam, detected by a photodiode array. Thus each element of the array collects information about the magnetic field in the small volume (voxel) which forms when the corresponding part of the probe beam and optically pumped layer cross. One of the most effective ways to enhance measurement accuracy is repeated pumping of the layers and averaging the measured results. However, the measurement time is multiplied several times due to the repeated scanning of the cell volume. The suggested technique enables increased measurement accuracy of each voxel while preserving the number of measurements. Magnetic field distribution is determined by the illumination of the cell layers one by one or simultaneously, according to a special algorithm, with subsequent multifactorial analysis of the obtained results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045209
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • 3D measurements
  • SERF
  • atomic magnetometer
  • multifactorial design

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