Achievement Goals and Student Well-Being

Avi Kaplan, Martin L. Maehr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

305 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study is concerned with the role that achievement goals may play in facilitating the psychological well-being of students. Specifically, we build on "goal theory" analysis of adaptive behavior in examining the relationship between task and ego goals, perceptions of school emphases on task and ego goals, and indices of well-being and disruptive behavior. Generally, task goals and perception of the school as emphasizing task goals were related to positive psychological well-being, and ego goals and perceiving the school as emphasizing ego goals were related to negative psychological well-being. This pattern was found for both African American and Euro-American students. However, path analyses pointed to possible different processes as operating for the African Americans and the Euro-Americans in the sample.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-358
Number of pages29
JournalContemporary Educational Psychology
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 1999

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