Activation of an antiviral response in normal but not transformed mouse cells: A new determinant of minute virus of mice oncotropism

Svitlana Grekova, Rainer Zawatzky, Rita Hörlein, Celina Cziepluch, Michal Mincberg, Claytus Davis, Jean Rommelaere, Laurent Daeffler

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    18 Scopus citations


    Parvovirus minute virus of mice (MVMp) is endowed with oncotropic properties so far ascribed only to the dependency of the virus life cycle on cellular factors expressed during S phase and/or modulated by malignant transformation. For other viruses oncotropism relies on their inability to circumvent type I interferon (IFN)-induced innate antiviral mechanisms, the first line of defense triggered by normal cells against viral infections. These agents propagate, therefore, preferentially in transformed/tumor cells, which often lack functional antiviral mechanisms. The present study aimed at investigating whether antiviral processes also contribute to MVMp oncotropism. Our results demonstrate that in contrast to MVMp-permissive transformed mouse A9 fibroblasts, freshly isolated normal counterparts (mouse embryonic fibroblasts [MEFs]) mount, through production and release of type I IFNs upon their infection, an antiviral response against MVMp lytic multiplication. Pretreatment of MEFs with a type I IFN-β-neutralizing antibody, prior to MVMp infection, inhibits the virus-triggered antiviral response and improves the fulfillment of the MVMp life cycle. Our results also show that part of the A9 permissiveness to MVMp relies on the inability to produce type I IFNs upon parvovirus infection, a feature related either to an A9 intrinsic deficiency of this process or to an MVMp-triggered inhibitory mechanism, since stimulation of these cells by exogenous IFN-β strongly inhibits the parvovirus life cycle. Taken together, our results demonstrate for the first time that parvovirus infection triggers an innate antiviral response in normal cells and suggest that the MVMp oncotropism depends at least in part on the failure of infected transformed cells to mount such a response.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)516-531
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of Virology
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 2010

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Microbiology
    • Immunology
    • Insect Science
    • Virology


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