We achieve a target material state by using a recursive algorithm to control the material reaction based on real-time feedback on the system chemistry from in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Without human intervention, the algorithm controlled O2:H2 gas partial pressures to approach a target average Cu oxidation state of 1+ for γ-Al2O3-supported Cu. This approach represents a new paradigm in autonomation for materials discovery and synthesis optimization; instead of iterating the parameters following the conclusion of each of a series of reactions, the iteration cycle has been scaled down to time points during an individual reaction. Application of the proof-of-concept illustrated here, using a feedback loop to couple in situ material characterization and the reaction conditions via a decision-making algorithm, can be readily envisaged in optimizing and understanding a broad range of systems including catalysis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemistry (all)
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry