Acute pseudotumoral hemicerebellitis: Diagnosis and neurosurgical considerations of a rare entity

José E. Cohen, Moshe Gomori, Moni Benifla, Eyal Itshayek, Yigal Shoshan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute pseudotumoral hemicerebellitis is an exceptionally rare unilateral presentation of acute cerebellitis mimicking a tumor. It typically has a benign course without specific therapy; thus, recognizing this entity is important to avoid needless surgical intervention. MRI provides the key for diagnosis and usually reveals a diffusely swollen cerebellar hemisphere with no well-defined mass. Some patients will require neurosurgical assistance by means of ventriculostomy or posterior fossa decompression. We present a 17-year-old girl with pseudotumoral hemicerebellitis, review the available literature, and discuss the diagnosis and therapeutic dilemma from the neurosurgical perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-339
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
  • Cerebellar tumor
  • Cerebellitis
  • Posterior fossa decompression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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