Acyl Homoserine Lactone in Interspecies Bacterial Signaling

Poonam Kanojiya, Rajashri Banerji, Sunil D. Saroj

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Bacteria communicate with each other through an intricate communication mechanism known as quorum sensing (QS). QS regulates different behavioral aspects in bacteria, such as biofilm formation, sporulation, virulence gene expression, antibiotic production, and bioluminescence. Several different chemical signals and signal detection systems play vital roles in promoting highly efficient intra- and interspecies communication. Gram-negative bacteria coordinate gene regulation through the production of acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs). Gram-positive bacteria do not code for AHL production, while some gram-negative bacteria have an incomplete AHL-QS system. Despite this fact, these microbes can detect AHLs owing to the presence of LuxR solo receptors. Various studies have reported the role of AHLs in interspecies signaling. Moreover, as bacteria live in a polymicrobial community, the production of extracellular compounds to compete for resources is imperative. Thus, AHL-mediated signaling and inhibition are considered to affect virulence in bacteria. In the current review, we focus on the synthesis and regulation mechanisms of AHLs and highlight their role in interspecies bacterial signaling. Exploring interspecies bacterial signaling will further help us understand host-pathogen interactions, thereby contributing to the development of therapeutic strategies intended to target chronic polymicrobial infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalMicrobiology and Biotechnology Letters
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • LuxR solo
  • Quorum sensing
  • bacterial communication
  • interspecies signaling
  • pathogenesis
  • virulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Microbiology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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