Adherence to therapeutic guidelines for acute otitis media in children younger than 2 years

Haim Reuveni, Elad Asher, David Greenberg, Joseph Press, Natalya Bilenko, Eugene Leibovitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Objectives: to analyze adherence to therapeutic guidelines for AOM. Methods: Descriptive retrospective study of community primary care providers in southern Israel. Study population (n = 590) included all children aged 0-48 months diagnosed with AOM in PED during the year 2000 who had a referral letter from a community physician and an AOM diagnosis confirmed by tympanocentesis. AOM antibiotic treatment was considered appropriate when in accord with CDC and local therapeutic guidelines. Results: Referral letter data allowing characterization of AOM by category were available in 471 (79.8%) children, 320 (68%) with simple AOM and 151(32%) with complicated AOM. AOM diagnosis made by the primary care physician was in accord with PED diagnosis in 365/590 (62%) patients. Three hundred and fifty-five (60.2%) patients did not receive antibiotics in the community. Of 365 (62%) children diagnosed with AOM in the community, 235 (64.4%) were treated with antibiotics prior to arrival to PED. Amoxicillin was prescribed to 109 (46.4%), cefuroxime axetil to 48 (20.4%), amoxicillin/clavulanate to 31 (13.2%) and i.m. ceftriaxone to 20 (8.5%) of the patients. Eighty-three (25.9%) patients with simple AOM were treated with antibiotics in the community and only 46 (55.4%) received amoxicillin according to the therapeutic guidelines. Eighty-one (53.6%) patients with complicated AOM were treated with antibiotics in the community and only 41 (50.6%) of them received antibiotics according to AOM therapeutic guidelines. More antibiotics were prescribed in the community to patients with complicated AOM than to patients with simple AOM (81/151, 53.6% versus 83/320, 25.9%, respectively, p < 0.001). Adherence to therapeutic guidelines was similar between the simple and the complicated AOM groups (46/83, 55.4% versus 41/81, 50.6%, respectively, p = 0.5). Conclusion: We found partial adherence to AOM therapeutic guidelines among primary care providers in the community in Southern Israel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-273
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2006


  • Acute otitis media
  • Adherence to guidelines
  • Antibiotic treatment
  • Community setting
  • Therapeutic guidelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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