Adiabatic demagnetization at absolute negative temperature: Generation of quantum correlations

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In this paper, we study behavior of the correlations, both quantum and classical, under adiabatic demagnetization process in systems of nuclear spins with dipole-dipole interactions in an external magnetic field and in the temperature range including positive and negative temperatures. For a two-spin system, analytical expressions for the quantum and classical correlations are obtained. It is revealed that the field dependences of the quantum and classical correlations at positive and negative temperatures are substantially different. This difference most clearly appears in the case of zero magnetic field: at negative temperature, the measures of quantum correlations tend to the maximum values with a temperature increase. At positive temperature, these quantities tend to zero at a decrease of magnetic field. It is also found that, for the nearest-neighboring spins in the same field, the values of concurrence and discord are larger at negative temperatures than at positive ones.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1950023
JournalInternational Journal of Quantum Information
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2019


  • Adiabatic demagnetization
  • classical and quantum correlations
  • entanglement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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