Adjustment costs, inventories and output

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the optimal adjustment strategy of an inventory-holding firm facing price- and quantity-adjustment costs in an inflationary environment. The model nests both the original menu-cost model that allows production to be costlessly adjusted, and the later model that includes price- and quantity-adjustment costs, but rules out inventory holdings. It is shown that the firm's optimal adjustment strategy may involve stockouts. At low inflation rates, output is inversely related to the inflation rate, and the length of time demand is satisfied increases with the demand elasticity but decreases with the storage cost and the real interest rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-542
Number of pages24
JournalScandinavian Journal of Economics
Volume110
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Oct 2008

Keywords

  • Inflation
  • Inventories
  • Menu costs
  • Output
  • Quantity-adjustment costs
  • Stockouts

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