Advanced EFL Apologies: What Remains to be Learned?

Andrew D. Cohen, Elite Olshtain, David S. Rosenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Administered a language-use questionnaire to 96 native American English speakers and 84 nonnative American speakers to assess apologetic linguistic forms of native vs nonnative speakers. The nonnatives were Hebrew speakers who were advanced English students at Israeli universities. Five apology situations were analyzed according to 13 variables. Results indicate that advanced learners of English as a foreign language have a good grasp of the main strategies of apology, but they have problems in the modification of main strategies, intensity of expression, and facility with appropriate social lubricants in difficult situations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-74
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language
Issue number62
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1986


  • Foreign Language Learning
  • Linguistics
  • Oral Communication
  • Apology


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